CeDEM17 Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government
17-19 May 2017, Danube University Krems, Austria
Extended Submission deadline: 6. January 2017
The international Conference for e-Democracy and Open Government brings together e-democracy, e-participation and open government specialists working in academia, politics, government and business to critically analyse the innovations, issues, ideas and challenges in the networked societies of the digital age.
We look forward to your submissions (full papers, workshop proposals, reflections, PhD papers) and seeing you in Krems!
Center for Technology in Government, University at Albany, US
Department of Politics and Public Administration at the University of Konstanz, DE
TownHall App Pty Ltd, US
Further Confirmed Keynotes
- Dave Karpf (School of Media and Public Affairs, The George Washington University, US)
- Todd O’Boyle (Next Century Cities, US)
- E-Democracy and E-Participation
- Social Media, Public Administration and Citizen Engagement
- Open Collaborative Government
- Open Data, Transparency and Open Innovation
- Citizens‘ Participation in Democratic Governance Processes through ICT in Africa
- Open Access
- Communities, Participation and Civic Engagement
- Information Visualization for the People
- Connected Smart City
- Political Communication & Public Spheres in a Digital Age
- Identity, Privacy and Security
- Emerging Issues in E-Democracy and Open Government
You Can also Submit
Peter Parycek and Noella Edelmann
Department for E-Governance and Administration, Danube University Krems, Austria
CeDEM17 is supported by IEEE
Marko Skoric, Tetsuro Kobayashi, Muneo Kaigo: Social Media and Citizen Engagement in Asia: A Comparative Study of Five Societies
The presenters are part of a research team that conducts an international study to learn about political disagreement and what people do about it in social media. The study shall support the understanding of patterns of engagement. The international study analyses 6 countries: China, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, hence the study is currently titled “Citizen Engagement in Confucian Asia.”
Social media expand social networks and they go beyond face-to-face meetings; hence many thought the social media would diversify the social network of individuals. However, the opposite seems to be the case. People that actively express themselves on social media are likely to unfriend people who have different opinions. This becomes especially true during political campaigns and when users are politically active. Some people try to persuade others with different political opinions and when they fail after some time, they unfriend these people. Social media feeds look more like face-to-face conversations nowadays than 5 years ago as similar opinions are shown in the threads.
Koreans that live in Japan for long time are called Zainichi and there are about 350,000 of them. Hate speech and racism in Japan focuses on Koreans and Chinese and there are hate groups against Zainichi that got especially stronger after the World Cup in 2002 and through other events. The Matome Website is a place for hate speech and people that consume their news in such an ecosystem find themselves in a vicious circle. Firstly, they are racists or have racist tendencies, which is why they go to websites like Matome. If they consume the biased news from such a website they become even more racist. The more they use these media the more racist they become.
This corresponds to the findings that certain media attract people with certain mind-sets. In Japan, NHK is a public broadcaster and people that watch these news find racism distasteful, like users of Youtube in Japan also generally do. On the other hand, Sankei Shimbun is a media that is consumed by more racists. Matome is among the worst mass websites concerning racist users, and looking at the actual users of Matome website, one realises that they are equally spread among the different educational backgrounds.
The study is still ongoing and further results will be published in the near future.
Heike Hermann: The promises of digital political communication and the reality in South Korea
While South Koreans are frequent users of social media, politicians have not yet embraced these communication channels to engage with citizens. The most popular digital communication tool is Kakao Talk, which is used by 37 million users. Kakao Talk provides closed space for communication. Facebook and Twitter are public social media and popular in Korea, but politicians are only followed by a few numbers of people. A quarter of politicians on public social media is not or not very active. Most items posted are news items often about the politicians themselves and the posts are often not about policy. 3/4 of politicians do not respond to comments, hence politicians don’t really engage with citizens via Facebook. Most politicians have a Twitter account and two thirds actually use it. However, only 10 percent of politicians have more than 15000 followers which is not a lot considering the Korean population. Twitter is mainly used for engagement with news agents and similar.
Dal Yong Jin: Understanding of Smartphone Divide: From Digital Divide to Digital Inclusion in the Smartphone Era
Over the last 20 years, Korea had great development in the ICT infrastructure. It was expected that smartphones would bridge the social and digital divide, but it has not quite been up to expectations. There are two major problems in the discourse of the digital divide: (1) Inequality in physical access to the technology and (2) the knowledge to use ICT effectively. Koreans must spend among the most money on communications. While the first divide will disappear in the future, the second divide – usage skills – is systematic and structural problem.
Ben Huffman: E-Participation in the Governance Process: Redefining its Worth and Modality
Focus of the talk is the Philippines that made good progress in the global e-participation index. Physical access is a core factor in these rankings, but capability to make use of the access is almost equally important. In the Philippines, free internet access is facilitated to make use of governmental services. The e-government services are provided in English, but this is language barrier, as there are 2 national languages and 8 dialects in the Philippines. The e-government service might also intend to train English of the citizens, which should be realised differently. Other barriers are the need to login in at some public access points, as not all that have access to an interne access point have login data.
Robert Krimmer: Internet Voting: Elections in the (European) Cloud
Estonia is often narrowed down to e-stonia as they have implemented and use many electronic services. The talk discusses, why do some countries use e-voting and why do some countries not use e-voting? The use of technology and innovations in voting processes happens already in ancient Greece and Rome, and the use of paper ballots is also use of technology that was not there before. Casting votes in parliaments often happens with the use of electronic devices nowadays. By using the electronic voting you change the electorate, as people from elsewhere can participate. Especially for citizens that are abroad, voting ins difficult, as they can go to embassy or send their ballot via mail (which is getting slower). Internet voting is not about democracy but it is a service to make citizens participate in elections.
Malgorzata Gorazcek: Using Fuzzy Cognitive Maps as Decision Support Tool for Smart Cities – Application in Smart Mobility
This project is about engaging citizens via social media feedback and open data for smart city concepts. Some cities are more developed than other cities in the area, which is one of the challenges of the project. In a first step, cases are developed on the basis of fuzzy cognitive maps, which will be the basis for data driven decision support tools. The next step will be decisions about algorithms. Fuzzy cognitive maps are a concept of decision making.
Keynote 2nd Day
Michael Best: Gender, Peace & Data: ICTD Research and the United Nation (United Nations University)
The United Nations University is a young institution headquartered in Tokyo, and in Macau the focus is on research output and policy impact, focused on UN member organisations and member states. The university is currently in start-up mode 🙂 and includes an interdisciplinary team from computer to social scientists.
The university has a Gender Lab, focusing on promoting women’s empmowerment, gender equality and enabling sustainable community led development, but also an LGBTQIA project has been envisaged. (mehr …)