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20 JAHRE IRIS: Trends und Communities der Rechtsinformatik

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Wie der Ausschnitt aus der Titelseite des Konferenzprogramms zeigt, fand das Internationale Rechtsinformatik Symposion zum Generalthema “Trends und Communities der Rechtsinformatik” von 23. bis 25. Februar 2017 an der Rechtswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Salzburg statt. Vorträge wurden insbesondere zu den Themen Datenschutz, E-Government, E-Democracy, Rechtstheorie, Rechtsvisualisierung, Rechtsinformation und Robolaw – Ethical, Legal, Social Issues to Advanced Robotics gehalten. Mit Fokus auf die Mitwirkung durch MitarbeiterInnen der Donau-Universität Krems und auf einige persönliche Eindrücke, werden nachfolgend ausgewählte Programmpunkte skizziert.

E-Partizipation und Entbürokratisierung

Am 23.2.2017 zeigte Michael Sachs (Department für E-Governance in Wirtschaft und Verwaltung, DUK) in der Session “E-Partizipation” in seinem Vortrag Optionen zur Gestaltung der Evaluierung von elektronischen Beteiligungsprojekten auf. Den Prozess der Definition der Erwartungshaltung, der darauffolgenden Erstellung der Evaluierungsmatrix bis hin zur Durchführung der Evaluierung veranschaulichte er anhand von Beispielen. Als besonders bedeutsam hob er die Bestimmung der Indikatoren und Arten der Messung vor Beginn der Durchführung der E-Partizipation hervor.

Darüber hinaus wurden auch laufende Forschungsprojekte präsentiert, wie etwa Scoop4C und TOOP, die die Zielsetzung der stärkeren Entbürokratisierung miteinander vereint.

Copyright, Blockchain, Datenschutz

Am 24.2.2017 gab Philipp Homar (Department für Rechtswissenschaften und Internationale Beziehungen, DUK) Einblicke in die Rechtsprechung in der Rechtssache Amazon vor nationalen Gerichten und vor dem EuGH. Clemens Appl (Department für Rechtswissenschaften und Internationale Beziehungen, DUK) behandelt kritische Eckpunkte des EU Copyright Package in seinem Vortrag.Im Zentrum seiner Kritik stehen systemische und dogmatische Schwächen des Richtlinien-Entwurfs der Europäischen Kommission für ein Urheberrecht im Digitalen Binnenmarkt.

Auch Überlegungen im Zusammenhang mit Blockchain-Technologie wurden diskutiert, wie etwa rechtliche Herausforderungen ihrer Verwendung in elektronischen Wahlsystemen in Deutschland.

Dem Thema Datenschutz waren mehrere Sessions gewidmet. Diskutiert wurden etwa auf Datenschutzbeauftragte nach der Datenschutz-Grundverordnung zukommende Rechte und Pflichten und ob es denkbar ist, dass ein Datenschutzbeauftragter selbst verpflichtet sein könnte, einen Datenschutzbeauftragten zu bestellen.

Elektronische Rechtsetzung, Recht und Sprache

Moderiert von Bettina Rinnerbauer (Department für E-Governance in Wirtschaft und Verwaltung, DUK) fand am 25.2.2017 eine Session über Elektronische Rechtsetzung statt, in der unter anderem diskutiert wurde, inwieweit Systeme derzeit in der Lage wären, Regelungen in der Form von Modellen abzubilden. Potentiale und Herausforderungen der Idee der Verwendung technischer Systeme als Unterstützung für Legisten wurden thematisiert. Auch wurde demonstriert, wie eine Bestimmung in Technik “übersetzt” wurde.

Benedikt Lutz (Zentrum für Kognition, Information und Management, DUK) setzte in seinem Vortrag den Schwerpunkt auf die Verständlichkeit von Gesetzen und referierte zu der Frage, was Legisten von Technischen Redakteuren lernen können. Das Ziel des erleichterten Verständnisses von Gesetzen verfolgte auch ein weiterer Vortragender, der Beispiele zur Umformulierung einzelner gesetzlicher Bestimmungen in Klarsprache anführte (weitere Informationen dazu siehe: http://www.klarsprache.at).

Weitere Informationen zum IRIS

IRIS auf Twitter: @ri_symposion

In Tweets zur diesjährigen Konferenz wurde #iris2017 verwendet. Dies zeigte sich auch in der Trendline für Österreich.

Department for E-Governance at ICEGOV 2017, New Delhi, India

ICEGOV Day 1

Dr. Shefali Virkar co-chaired Track 2: Transformation with Professor Marijn Janssen (Delft University of Technology) on Tuesday, 07 March 2017 at the recently held ICEGOV 2017 in New Delhi, India.  The Indian discussant for the track was Mr. Hariranjan Rao, Secretary to the Chief Minister & Public Service Management, Government of Madhya Pradesh (India).

The two-hour track session covered several key issues pertaining to the theory and practice of e-government at the transformation stage of Digital Governance, discussing in detail the various aspects involved in bringing about significant change at this evolutionary phase; these include technology, infrastructure, organizational behaviour, and human capability factors.

Topics presented on during this session ranged from recommendations for the appropriate deployment of Information and Communications Technologies within the Indian national context, to recent trends in public sector IT procurement in Switzerland, and also to the importance of developing comprehensive Enterprise Architecture for e-Government blueprints for national e-governance strategic initiatives.

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Peter Parycek was co-chair and moderator of the Track 4 – “Contextualization”.

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One of the papers of this track was presented by Dr. Gabriela Viale Pereira (Post-doc researcher at DUK) as a result of the “Obstacles in Government” project, co-authored by Bettina Rinnerbauer, Michael Ginner, and Peter Parycek.
The paper “Categorizing Obstacles in E-Government: Formal and Informal” aims at shedding light on obstacles hindering mainly e-government implementation from two perspectives: the supply- and the demand-side of e-government services. The contribution to research is seen in summarized insights into what obstacles in e-government were identified in prior research and the suggestion of a classification of obstacles into the two categories of formal and informal obstacles. Literature was reviewed following a conceptual model encompassing a merger and extension of existing approaches. A process of identifying obstacles and improving services in the form of a loop is discussed before possible future research lines will be pointed to.

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ICEGOV Day 2

Austrian Delegation

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ICEGOV Day 3 – Invited Session

Administration Digitalization – from Austria to India

Strategic Challenges of Digitalization Government and Society by Peter Parycek, Danube University Krems

  • Current strategic E-Governance challenges for digitization of governments and administration. Transferring the administration organizations into data-driven und people-driven organizations for using the innovative potential of technology.

New Paths of Innovations – GovLab Austria by Ursula Rosenbichler, Austrian Federal Chancellery

  • Three main topics of the talk: The internal and external perception of the public sector; secondly the different roles of politics and administration and thirdly our challenges and GovLab Austria very promising solution.

From E-Government to M-Government. Digitalization Austrian Ministry of Finance by Wolfgang Ebner, Austrian Ministry of Finance

  • Overview of the digitalization within the federal government, especially the financial administration. Highlighting some lighthouse initiatives of the Ministry of finance and give more detailed information on our mobility strategy.

Digital Innovation in Parliament: Security, Mobility, Digitization, Change Management – how does it fit together? by Peter Reichstädter, Austrian Parliament

  • The Austrian parliament is moving out of its premises for renovation reasons for three years, It is a challenge but is also a chance for innovative digitization and review also the necessary (ICT-)security mechanism – out of this challenge mobility and new forms of e-participation will arise.

 

Chairs
Peter Parycek is Professor of E-Governance and Head of the Department for E-Governance and Administration at the Danube University Krems. As a lawyer and graduate of the Master’s program Telematics, his work is at the intersection of legal policy, social and technological developments. His research and project priorities include eGovernance, eDemocracy and eGovernment.

Ursula Rosenbichler is Head of the Department III/9 (Federal Performance Management Office and Department for Public Sector Innovation) of the Austrian Federal Chancellery. Her work and teaching assignments focus on innovation and change management in the public sector, performance oriented management, data management as well as co-creation and collaboration. Ursula Rosenbichler holds a master’s degree in social economics from the University of Graz. Before joining the Austrian Federal Chancellery Ursula Rosenbichler worked as a management/public sector consultant, participated in EU-funded projects and conducted research in this field.

Wolfgang Ebner is Deputy Director of the IT Directorate of the Austrian Ministery of Finance, President of the Austrian Center for information security. Before 2012 Wolfgang Ebner had different functions within the Ausrian Ministery of the Interior. He was Adviser to the Minster of Interior for technical matters as well as international issues and Chief of staff to the Director for public security. Wolfgang Ebner studied the law and additiional studies and qualifications on information security.

Peter Reichstädter is the CIO of the Austrian Parliament; before he was working for the Federal Chancellery of the Austrian Republic in the Division for the Austrian ICT-Strategy / Department of ‘law, organisational and international issues’, which is responsible for the elaboration and coordination of the Austrian E-Government strategy within the initiatives of i2020 (ISA & ISA² program – there he was leading the focus working group on Austrias Interoperability Framework) and Digital Agenda.

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For more information access http://www.icegov.org/

Smart City Governance – Exploitation Workshop by JPI Urban Europe

The Department for E-Governance and Administration was represented by Malgorzata Goraczek, the coordinator of the “SmartGov” project on 2nd March 2017 in Brussels. The Exploitations Workshop with focus on Smart City Governance was organised by the funding agency JPI Urban Europe.

Following themes were discussed during the workshop:

“Theme 1: How to handle disruptive innovation and niche markets? Moderated by Amy Olsson – JPI Urban Europe

Which ‘conventional business models’ are supporting urban governance capacities? Do successful new business models counter existing business models’ in having negative externalities?

Theme 2: How to articulate city challenges and needs? Moderated by Ania Rok – ICLEI

The main question was how city related business models will look like: Is there a need for new business models for integrated, multi-sectoral solutions, rather than “simple” ICT applications? Cities and public administrations provide much of the demand. Also cities enable innovation with regulations and procurement.

Theme 3: Who is in and out of the ecosystem? Moderated by Jonas Bylund – JPI Urban Europe

New actors might be needed for new business models: Who are those actors? How to create an ecosystem? Do we need more intermediary kinds of actors? For instance, the changing role of citizens into prosumers challenges traditional, corporate business models. There is also an identified need for intermediaries that share features of both public and private actors.

Theme 4: What are the keys to unlocking the potentials? Moderated by Tomas Soukup – GISAT

A systemic approach for screening/evaluating successful business models in Europe is needed. A lot of knowledge is lost in translation between settings. Is this an opportunity for a brokering-translation kind of business model?”1

  1. Parts of the text have been taken from the distrubuted agenda during the meeting

CeDEM17: Call for Papers Extended until 6. January 2017

CeDEM17 Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government

17-19 May 2017, Danube University Krems, Austria
Extended Submission deadline:  6. January 2017
Info: www.donau-uni.ac.at/cedem17
CfP: http://tinyurl.com/cedem17cfp

The international Conference for e-Democracy and Open Government brings together e-democracy, e-participation and open government specialists working in academia, politics, government and business to critically analyse the innovations, issues, ideas and challenges in the networked societies of the digital age.

We look forward to your submissions (full papers, workshop proposals, reflections, PhD papers) and seeing you in Krems!

Keynotes

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Ramon Gil-Garcia
Center for Technology in Government, University at Albany, US
Ines Mergel
Department of Politics and Public Administration at the University of Konstanz, DE
Keren Flavell
TownHall App Pty Ltd, US

 

Further Confirmed Keynotes

  • Dave Karpf (School of Media and Public Affairs, The George Washington University, US)
  • Todd O’Boyle (Next Century Cities, US)

Tracks

  • E-Democracy and E-Participation
  • Social Media, Public Administration and Citizen Engagement
  • Open Collaborative Government
  • Open Data, Transparency and Open Innovation
  • Citizens’ Participation in Democratic Governance Processes through ICT in Africa
  • Open Access
  • Communities, Participation and Civic Engagement
  • Information Visualization for the People
  • Connected Smart City
  • E-Voting
  • Political Communication & Public Spheres in a Digital Age
  • Identity, Privacy and Security
  • Emerging Issues in E-Democracy and Open Government

You Can also Submit

Chairs

Peter Parycek and Noella Edelmann
Department for E-Governance and Administration, Danube University Krems, Austria

 

CeDEM17 is supported by IEEE

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CeDEMAsia2016: Panel, Day 2

 

Marko Skoric, Tetsuro Kobayashi, Muneo Kaigo: Social Media and Citizen Engagement in Asia: A Comparative Study of Five Societies

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The presenters are part of a research team that conducts an international study to learn about political disagreement and what people do about it in social media. The study shall support the understanding of patterns of engagement. The international study analyses 6 countries: China, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, hence the study is currently titled “Citizen Engagement in Confucian Asia.”

Social media expand social networks and they go beyond face-to-face meetings; hence many thought the social media would diversify the social network of individuals. However, the opposite seems to be the case. People that actively express themselves on social media are likely to unfriend people who have different opinions. This becomes especially true during political campaigns and when users are politically active. Some people try to persuade others with different political opinions and when they fail after some time, they unfriend these people. Social media feeds look more like face-to-face conversations nowadays than 5 years ago as similar opinions are shown in the threads.

Koreans that live in Japan for long time are called Zainichi and there are about 350,000 of them. Hate speech and racism in Japan focuses on Koreans and Chinese and there are hate groups against Zainichi that got especially stronger after the World Cup in 2002 and through other events. The Matome Website is a place for hate speech and people that consume their news in such an ecosystem find themselves in a vicious circle. Firstly, they are racists or have racist tendencies, which is why they go to websites like Matome. If they consume the biased news from such a website they become even more racist. The more they use these media the more racist they become.

This corresponds to the findings that certain media attract people with certain mind-sets. In Japan, NHK is a public broadcaster and people that watch these news find racism distasteful, like users of Youtube in Japan also generally do. On the other hand, Sankei Shimbun is a media that is consumed by more racists. Matome is among the worst mass websites concerning racist users, and looking at the actual users of Matome website, one realises that they are equally spread among the different educational backgrounds.

The study is still ongoing and further results will be published in the near future.

cedema-sponsors