3# E-Government

Join us at the Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government 2016 in Asia or Submit for 2017 in Austria

In 2007 the Centre for E-Governance began organising conferences on e-democracy and public administration and since  2014, CeDEM is also held biennially in Asia.

We invite individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as business, public authorities, NGOs, NPOs and education institutions to join us and submit their work to the topics addressed in the tracks. We welcome interdisciplinary and critical approaches to the conference topics. (more…)

JeDEM Issue Vol. 8 No. 1 (2016) out now!

Welcojedem logome to a summer issue that presents the most recent “ongoing submissions” to the Journal of E-Democracy and Open Government. The authors have not submitted to a particular call for papers, but have responded to the journal’s open invitation to submit a paper to JeDEM’s main topics. The papers in this issue analyse current strengths and weaknesses in Open Data, Public Sector Information (PSI) and E-Government, present results, suggest methodologies as well as ideas for yet more research and work in these areas.

Read the whole issue of JeDEM free of charge here: Vol 8, No 1 (2016)

Research Papers and Project Descriptions in this issue:

  • Open Government Data and the Role of Data Infomediaries
  • Sustainable Business Models for Public Sector Open Data Providers
  • E-Government Development and Cluster Analysis
  • The Delay of Implementation of the European Union Public Sector Information Directive in Sweden
  • Success Factors of E-Government Policy Implementation in Pakistan

 

 

Open4Data.at Contest – Preisverleihung

Am 28. Juni 2016 ging die Preisverleihung des Open4Data-Contests im Kongresssaal des Bundeskanzleramts über die Bühne. Die Donau-Universität Krems war hierbei als wissenschaftliche Begleitung beteiligt. Bei der Preisverleihung wurden die PreisträgerInnen von Staatssekretärin Muna Duzdar ausgezeichnet. Die Challenge-PartnerInnen überreichten die Preise in den einzelnen Kategorien: Ideen, Datensätze und Lösungen. Darüber hinaus wurden zahlreiche Publikumspreise (sowie auch Preise an FeedbackgeberInnen) übergeben.

Zu den Gewinnern und Auszeichnungen!

Am 28. Juni 2016 fand die Preisverleihung "Open4data.at challenge 2016" statt.

Am 28. Juni 2016 fand die Preisverleihung “Open4data.at challenge 2016” statt. Bildquelle: BKA/Christopher Dunker

Mehr Informationen zum Wettbewerb und zu den GewinnerInnen finden Sie auf: open4data.at. (more…)

Keynote Mila Gascó: Co-Production and ICT-enabled Co-Production #cedem16

Mila Gascó (Institute of Public Governance and Management ESADE) held her keynote “Co-Production and ICT-enabled Co-Production” at the CeDEM16.

Foto Mila Gascó (4)Mila Gascó
Mila Gascó holds a MBA and a Ph. D. in public policy evaluation (Award Enric Prat de la Riba granted to the best Ph. D. thesis on public management and administration, given by the Escola d’Administració Pública de Catalunya in Barcelona, Spain).

Nowadays, she is a senior researcher at the Institute of Innovation and Knowledge Management and the Institute of Public Governance and Management, both at ESADE. In the latter, she is in charge of the e-governance, open government and smart cities areas of research.  For seven years, she was a senior analyst at the International Institute on Governance of Catalonia. Mila Gascó has a lot of consulting experience on the information and knowledge society as well.

CeDEM16
CeDEM – the international Conference for e-Democracy and Open Government – brings together e-democracy, e-participation and open government specialists working in academia, politics, government and business to critically analyse the innovations, issues, ideas and challenges in the networked societies of the digital age. The CeDEM16 will be held from May 18th to May 20th 2016 at the Danube University Krems.

» More about the CeDEM16
» All CeDEM16 Sessions

Get access to the presentation

Open government can be defined as a transparent, collaborative and participative government, that mixes different ICT-tools in order to reach its objectives. Collaboration refers to the work of the public administration (internally and externally), which can be distinguished from participation. Social innovation is usually bottom-up led, while co-production is usually top-bottom-led. Co-production encompasses stakeholders and citizens in further developing public services (precise definition see OECD, 2011). Co-production can be shaped in co-commission over co-design, co-delivery and co-assessment.

Co-production, open innovation, ICT-enabled Co-production

Co-production is linked to open innovation: Based on Chesbrough, the open-innovation concept has been applied on the private sector. Approaches to apply this concept on the public sector were needed. Open Innovation means searching for solutions outside of organisational boundaries (Mergel and Desouza).

We used to co-produce before, but ICT makes it different nowadays and links it to open innovation. What has changed is the citizen-centricity. Public services can be made more efficient, but they will only be more effective if citizens’ opinions are taken into account.

Radical improvement of public services

If we take into account that co-production is about collaboration and that co-production makes things more effective, we can get improvement, but not radical improvement, if ICTs play a marginal role and there is a low involvement. If ICT is adopted in the public sector, there is the technocratic paradigm of e-government, when the involvement is low and the role of ICT is central. When a high level of involvement interacts with a high importance of technology, radical service improvement through open and inclusive e-governance, will be possible.  (Cucciniello & Nasi 2015)

Co-production-example

As example of using open data, developing apps and engaging people, inter alia rodalia.info (Spain) can be mentioned. Rodalia asks citizens and organisations to help identifying potential terroristic actions or related suspenses. Public administration can’t monitor everything, therefore, they co-produce.

Co-production can be seen in the actual building of an app (using open data to build the app) or also in using citizen feeds in order to make the app very useful.

Co-production from a historical perspective

We have always co-produced. Otherwise it would be impossible to deliver some services: A co-produced service is f.i. taking out garbage to make the collection and removal of garbage possible.

Factors influencing ICT-enabled co-production

Factors that influence ICT-enabled co-production (Voorberg et al. 2014, Cucciniello & Nasi, 2015) are

  • Organizational factors: A risk averse administration culture, the preparedness for participation (hierarchy? bureaucracy?) and an open attitude (The leadership decides to co-produce, but who really co-produces? The persons who undertake the role of co-producers shall have an open attitude too.) play a crucial role for co-production.
  • Citizens’ behaviour: People need to feel heard and want to improve things, which is why it should be made transparent, what contribution was helpful for what step or how their contribution was taken into account.
  • ICT factors

Summary

  • Not everyone wants or knows how to co-produce.
  • Co-production is not for free, it involves especially the resources of time and money.
  • Often, the process is much more important than the outcome itself. After a co-production process, we will come up with more empowered people.
  • Co-production does not need ICT, but the latter will speed up the co-production process.
  • ICT-enabled co-production is contextual, over all in organisation and design.

Further Information about Mila Gascó: http://www.esade.edu/research-webs/eng/igdp

Information Visualization for the People #cedem16

The focus of this track was to show which and how different datasets can be used to create information visualization and simulation of the political discourse.

CeDEM16
CeDEM – the international Conference for e-Democracy and Open Government – brings together e-democracy, e-participation and open government specialists working in academia, politics, government and business to critically analyse the innovations, issues, ideas and challenges in the networked societies of the digital age. The CeDEM16 will be held from May 18th to May 20th 2016 at the Danube University Krems.

» More about the CeDEM16
» All CeDEM16 Sessions

Information Vizualization for the people

Chair: Florian Windhager

      • Innovating Good Regulatory Practice Using Mixed-Initiative Social Media Analytics and Visualization (Victoria Lemieux)
      • Supporting Cognition in the Face of Political Data and Discourse: A Mental Models Perspective on Designing Information Visualization Systems (Günther Schreder, Florian Windhager, Michael Smuc and Eva Mayr)
      • Current Barriers to Open Government Data Use and Visualization by Political Intermediaries (Jérôme Brugger, Marianne Fraefel, Hansjakob Fehr, Daniel Schöneck, Christoph Stähli Weissbrod and Reinhard Riedl)

Innovating Good Regulatory Practice Using Mixed-Initiative Social Media Analytics and Visualization (Victoria Lemieux)

IV

This presentation discussed the availability of big data and its opportunities to use innovative analytics and technologies. It was shown how big data can be visualized in different government contexts. The focus was summarized on two challanges: regulatory impact assessment, as well as on information processing support on rulemaking. The application of a novel big data analytics framework – Mixed-Initiative Social Media Analytics (MISMA) – will address these two rulemaking challenges.
Presentation slides

Supporting Cognition in the Face of Political Data and Discourse: A Mental Models Perspective on Designing Information Visualization Systems (Günther Schreder, Florian Windhager, Michael Smuc and Eva Mayr)

cedem16_mentalmodels

During the presentation of the paper examples for information visualizations were shown. How  users react to information and data – how they react and interact with it and make sense of abstract data through the use of visual interfaces, or so called mental models. These mental models are an emerging topic for research on the comprehension and designing process in information visualization. Different design features can accomplish this in the field of political communication and its complex data.

Presentation slides

Current Barriers to Open Government Data Use and Visualization by Political Intermediaries (Jérôme Brugger, Marianne Fraefel, Hansjakob Fehr, Daniel Schöneck, Christoph Stähli Weissbrod and Reinhard Riedl)

cedem16_OGD.jpg

The aim of the research was to rise the role and the importance of open governement data vizualisations – its promise, potential, ecosystems, political intermediaries, as well as barriers. Actions suggested to increase the use of data and visualisation include the offering and support not only for data but also it’s processing, statistical analysis and visualisation. It was pointed out that there is furhter research in standardisation for visualisation processes with the aim to provide intermediaries with professional visualization at lower prices is an important aspect.
Presentation slides