1# Englisch

Day 3: ICEDEG 2017 in Quito, Ecuador

21 April 2017: Day 3

Keynote: “The Fourth Indutrial Revolution and the Democratization of Information” by Ernesto Kruger (Kruger Corporation, Ecuador)

This 4th revolution digitizes all, is disruptive and democratizes all: it is based on a collaborative economy, sharing, transparency and empowerment of people. This talk is about how we got to where we are today, the characteristics of this revolution, the future, and how to be invovled in government and society. Understanding the industrial revolution 4.0 starts by looking back to the previous industrial revolutions in 1784, 1870, 1969…

The 4th industrial evolution “is the convergence of physical, digital, and biological worlds”:

  • physical: from car to space flight
  • digital: from internt of things to economy on demand
  • biological: human genome to biotechnology

This raises several questions and makes it necessary to consider certain issues:

Can technology think? Can it teach? What is the impact of the 4IR on society, education, work, society and regulation? Processes will no longer need approval by government, post offices, banks etc.. , so what will happen to human work? Will digitalising everything mean or imply democraticising everything? Technologies are not just about making things & sevices available, but also about enabling access to such technologies. It is important to remember that the changes are and always will be irreversible (whether it concerns technology, business or research).

Session: eParticipation

In this session I presented the paper written with Peter Parycek and Robert Krimmer, that looks at the role of lurkers as contributors of  value in e-participation. But in this session, others addressed the role of value in e-participation and e-government too. Vittorio Scarano looks at how to increase public value through co-creation of open knowledge, whilst Patricia Acosta-Vargas addresses quality evaluation of government websites, in particular the issue of website accessibility.

Session eGovernance

Zanna Aniscenko lookes at the Andean countries’ strategies for improving public service through e-government concept. Harekrishna Misra looks at the Indian context, and argues that financial inclusion, as a strategy, would encourage citizens to enhance their activity portfolios and thus savings, empower women, facilitate remittance, boost production and consumption. Focusing on the detection of the main communities of collaboration between authors registered in the bibliographic database Scopus and the identification of more relevant research topics, Angel Fiallos uses Social Network Analysis to study the networks for researchers in comparison to the “The National Plan for Good Living” issued by the government of Ecuador.

Session: eHealth

Carmen Vaca proposes a method based on structural analysis to detect emerging leaders on Twitter after a catastrophe, focusing on the 4M tweets related to Ecuador’s earthquake in April 2016.

Jorge Granda Cantuña presents the design and development process of a Noise Pollution Measurement System which integrates a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) and a Body Access Network (BAN) capable of measuring noise pollution levels as well as monitoring its health effects on humans. In the paper presented by Johnny Torres investigate how tweets posted by people in Ecuador, through different mobile applications, reflect their fitness activities and lifestyle. By aggregating individual posts made on social media services act as sociometers of cities’ health and fitness  and also illustrates the potential of geolactivities.

Session: eSociety

Papers in this session focused on education in particular. Johnny Torres looked at how contribution in collaborative texts can be measured  using NMF modeling, Priscilla Valdivezo considered how learning can be analysed to improve education whilst Rosa Navarrete considered the use of emedded markup for semantic annotations in e-government and e-education websites.

 Closing

All good things have to come to an end, but Luis Terán invited us to join him again at ICEDEG 2018!

Noella Edelmann with Luis Terán (left) and Andreas Meier (right).

Closing session.

Day 2: ICEDEG 2017 in Quito, Ecuador

20. April 2017: Day 2

The second day began with an introduction by Andreas Meier, Chair of the ICEDEG. He not only described the aims of the conference, that is, to connect experts and researchers, generate excellent output, but also encouraged all the attendees to visit the many beautiful sites of Quito.

“Big Data Integration for eGovernment” Keynote by Philippe Cudré-Mauroux (University of Fribourg & eXascale Infolab, CH)

Philippe Cudré-Mauroux

Big data can generate significant financial value across sectors. From eXascale Infolab, Philippe looks at the Big Data deluge and the issues associated with it. He also considers how big data can help e-government:

  • The n-Vs of Big Data: Volume, Velocity and Variety;
  • Entity-Centric Data Integration;
  • The XI Pipeline to integrate textual data;
  • Shows 2 use cases:  Armatweet and Dependency-Driven Analytics.

Session: Data/opinion Mining and Decision Support

On online and social media, such as Twitter, one of the most difficult things for  is to detect and ban people who harass others. To address these issues,  researchers have developed a strategy to help detect racist users and content in the context of the networks of the two former 2016 US Presidential Candidates (Fabricio Layedra). Another issue in governmental areas is the assessment made by the general public on their management.  Francisco Cabrera proposes a  model for the social assessment of governmental areas through intangible assets. Innovation in the public-sector refers to the development of important improvements in the public administration and services. The aim of the study presented analyses the trends and the behavioural patterns in the attacks to the data network of an institution of the public-sector (Mayra Macas).

Session: eDemocracy

A group of researchers present the SAVE system, an electronic voting system designed that has been used in 150 University elections preserving all the requirements that a secure voting system must have while being affordable and flexible enough to adapt to the different regulations (Xavier Ochoa and Enrique Pelaez). Félix Fernández-Peña, Diego León-Solís, Xavier Calle-Gómez and Pilar Urrutia-Urrutia determine how valuable social actions are for e-collaboration using an open source Facebook application named \textit{Sigma} and an statistic module called \textit{Gamma}. Rodrigo F. Castro presents a way of predicting Venezuelan election results using Twitter.

Keynote: “Social and Participatory Computing: Lessons for E-Democracy and E-Government” Joseph Konstan (University of Minnesota, USA).

Joseph Konstan

There are many lessons to be learned from collaborating, contributing, crowdsourcing, and aggregating people’s wish to provide information, work together. What is the role of social computing in e-government and e-democracy? We can see examples of its iuse in collaborative information and reviews of public infrastructure, transport or accomodation. But how can people be motivated to contribute?

  1. Ask them to. People like being them asked and people want to contribute.
  2. Appeal to their uniqueness.
  3. Set goals (as individuals or a team).
  4. Show them something interesting (disagreement is motivating).
  5. Recognize their contributions.

Social computing can help re-invigorate local communities, explore difficult public policy decisions and broaden narrow experiences. But when aggregating micro-contributions, it is necessary to combine data to increase confidence (e.g. statistics, personalisation, iterative review), to consider reputation (allocate more or less?), influence (should it be limited?) and issues of bias and disenfranchisement.

Session: eGovernment

Several solutions are presented in this session. Jorge Granda Cantuña presents a multi-dicisiplinary solution for detecting forest fires in Ecuador based on a wireless sensor network. Another  solution is proposed by Abraham Matus,  an electronic invoicing solution that integrates SMEs in a tax-collection e-government-platform. Alessandro Bettacchi, on the otherhand, discusses the adoption of   cloud computing in the public sector.  Whilst there is a demand for public administrations to use cloud computing, a security framework is necessary.

Poster Session



JeDEM Special Issue on Progress, Insights, and Implications of the Open Government Partnership

JeDEM Special Issue on Progress, Insights, and Implications of the Open Government Partnership Scholars and practitioners with expertise and experience in the area of open government are invited to submit a paper for an upcoming special issue of the Journal of e-Democracy and Open Government (JeDEM) focused on “Progress, Insights, and Implications of the Open Government Partnership.”

In 2016, the Open Government Partnership (OGP) celebrated its five-year anniversary. In those five years, governments have committed to over 2000 reforms aimed at improving transparency, accountability, and citizen participation. Much has changed in five years. Membership in the OGP has grown from 8 to 75 national level governments. While many new members have joined, there have also been departures: Hungary being the most recent. Currently, there is a pilot including 15 subnational governments designed to more proactively involve subnational governments in the initiative.

This special issue of JeDEM is dedicated to fostering a better understanding the progress made within the OGP over the past five years. It contributes to the scholarly and professional discourse about the implications and the insights gathered, thus far, on the future of the OGP and its members.

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Day 1: ICEDEG 2017 in Quito, Ecuador

19-21 April in Quito, Ecuador

20170418_213832 Quito, looking down.

Quito, looking up.

After more than 1/2 day spent in the air, I arrived to Quito to attend the ICEDEG 2017 chaired by Andreas Meier (University of Fribourg, CH) and Luis Terán (University of Fribourg, CH & Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas (ESPE), EC).

20170418_160106 Rain, forecast for the whole week.

Programme and details available here:

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We are hiring!

You are thinking that the public administration could do better?

You see the technological potential grossly neglected?

You have ideas how technology can contribute to deliver improved services for the benefit of all, to make countries more green, cities smarter, and people more happy?

We are interested …

You know about data modeling, have been working with XML, understand the concepts behind Big Data, the Semantic Web and public cryptography, and have written at least some tiny computer programs? Additionally you are a communicative team player and you would like to convince others about your ideas?

We should definitely talk!

The Department for E-Governance and Administration at Danube University Krems / Austria (EU) is looking for an enthusiastic new colleague to improve public governance through the widespread application of technology.

We are the leading Austrian research institution for public governance with long-lasting collaborations  with the Ministry of Finance, the Austrian Chancellery, City of Vienna or the Federal Computing Centre.

You bring:

  • Graduate in Computer Science, business informatics or any other study with a clear and demonstrable focus on ICT
  • Master’s level or higher
  • You must bring deep interest to perform research on the intersection between public administration, political sciences, economy and the civil society.
  • You have a deep understanding of administrative processes, data-driven decision support, electronic government, e-Participation
  • You identify problems on your own and provide solutions to them
  • You enjoy working with collaborative technologies, also remote
  • Excellent English,  written and spoken

Would be nice:

  • At least limited understanding of German
  • You have been working in a scientific environment and you are accustomed with writing research proposals
  • You have been part of an international research project

You will get:

  • Regular, project-based employee contract, limited to 30.9.2019 but with the clear intention for extension.
  • Full coverage of social security and pension fund
  • Social amenities on the Campus Krems with a highly international and welcoming atmosphere
  • Excellent business contacts to high-ranked public sector officials as well as international research networks
  • A beautiful work place within the UNESCO world heritage region of the Wachau. See some of us hiking right behind your future workplace:part_team

 

Interested? Please file you application including motivational letter and CV to irene.lehr@donau-uni.ac.at. Please note that there is a yet to be defined deadline for application we will publish here shortly.