Author: jsduk

CeDEMAsia16: Paper Presentations Parallel Session B, Day 2

Malgorzata Gorazcek: Using Fuzzy Cognitive Maps as Decision Support Tool for Smart Cities – Application in Smart Mobility

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This project is about engaging citizens via social media feedback and open data for smart city concepts. Some cities are more developed than other cities in the area, which is one of the challenges of the project. In a first step, cases are developed on the basis of fuzzy cognitive maps, which will be the basis for data driven decision support tools. The next step will be decisions about algorithms. Fuzzy cognitive maps are a concept of decision making.

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CeDEM Asia 2016, Keynote 2nd Day

Keynote 2nd Day

Michael Best: Gender, Peace & Data: ICTD Research and the United Nation (United Nations University)

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The United Nations University is a young institution headquartered in Tokyo, and in Macau the focus is on research output and policy impact, focused on UN member organisations and member states. The university is currently in start-up mode 🙂 and includes an interdisciplinary team from computer to social scientists.

The university has a Gender Lab, focusing on promoting women’s empmowerment, gender equality and enabling sustainable community led development, but also an LGBTQIA project has been envisaged. (more…)

CeDEM Asia 2016, Day 2, Morning Sessions

#Cedem and #Disc Panel

Manuela G. Hartwig: Communication about climate change during COP21 on Twitter in Germany and Japan

The “Climategate” controversy lead to higher criticism and awareness about climate change scepticism and climate change denial. The project looks at what the local twitter contexts of climate change could tell us about the cultural contexts and understanding of climate change. The mass or major news media seem to dominate the discussion on Germany. There are also more ironic and local statements in Germany. In Japan we find a strong anti-nuclear sentiment and climate change acknowledgement. A sentiment analysis of the term “Klimawandel” showed that Japanese tweets are richer in content.

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Leslie Tkach-Kawasaki Tweeting for the Youth Vote: Japanese Political Party Twitter Use in the July 2016 Upper House Election

The ruling coalition need a two thirds majority in order to effect change. What are the similarities and differences among the political parties in terms of using Twitter for mobilization? The project is based on tweets collection of official Twitter accounts. (Apart from the Communist party with 11 accounts, every party had one account. 🙂 ) (more…)

CeDEM Asia 2016, Discussion: Enthusiasm for Political Topics

How to fill people with enthusiasm for political topics via social media (discussion hosted by KAS, Singapore)

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The discussion was led by Sayasat Nurbek (Institute of Public Policy, Kazakhstan).
Astik Sinha (Bharita Janata Party,  India) told us about the masses of Indian youth voters who are engaged on Facebook.
Ben Guerin (New Zealand National Party, New Zealand) was active in political campaigning and started a consulting company. He looks at how politicians engage on social media and the value of these activities.
Rajit Hewagama (United National Party, Sri Lanka) runs a consulting compagny for digital communications and strategic communications. In Sri Lanka some journalists disappeared and have been murdered, so they are scared of publishing anti government data. Social media allowed to bypass the mainstream media without relying on forms of media that could be censored. Now some ministers complain that media freedom came to far (sometimes those who have been in the oppostition before).
Pheaktra Neth (Spokesman of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, Khmer Rouge Tribunal, Cambodia). The special body is set up between the UN and Cambodia to investigate the war crimes in the region. There is a young cohort of Facebook users in Cambodia. Sometimes there are postings about plans to kill someone, f.i. an officer, in a ceremony. The government has, however, no plans to control the social media or the internet. Campaigns are now focusing on social media and see it as a chance for the next 2017 and 2018 elections.

Truth vs. visibility?

We are now entering the second phase of social media, with a general phobia in many governments in Asia towards counter-revolutions. F.i. in the Hong Kong Umbrella revolution case, many protesteres used now Firechat as police switched off the mobile networks. In the West there was the worry that the liberal are dominating the social media. However, with view to dominating views, social media rather promotes echo chambers and oxygen might be provided to political movements that thrive on anger etc. These network effects are only going to be a better problem in the future. There is the fake news phenomenon plus people taking on extreme or simplified views: the information that gets the most views is not necessarily the most truthful. However, social media literacy is also changing, and people might do more fact-checking.

The discussion also revolved around the rise of Facebook and its power regarding the definition of truth and manipulation. Trust filters are now established within our friends (reputation networks). Also it was discusses how much censorship was done in social media by the government. India, for instance, has one of the highest rates of requesting Facebook for user data. Regarding the prediction of elections via social media data, so far many cases might have been luck, also due to problems of representativeness.

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CeDem Asia 2016, Day 1, Afternoon Presentations

Ivo Babaja: Open Government and National Sovereignity

The International Open Data (OD) Charter developed by GGP (Open Government Partnerships) and international organizations declares that OD should be made available to the widest of users by anyone, anywhere. This is included in some national legislations. on the other hand this principle stands in clear opposition to the principle of national sovereignity. OD initiatives could be perceived as disruptive innovations. Assessing e-government initiatives from the point of disruptive businesses, they can be evaluated using two factors: impact (how much it changes the system) and rationality (how much the impact is reasonable). Rationality is actually not existent, and impact is presumed to be low. The global openness request stands in opposition to our “competitive edge”. It may also introduce uncertainty about the ultimate goals of the e-government process and ideas.

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Morten Meyerhoff Nielsen: E-government and governance: The Danish-Japanese timelines and models compared

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