Day 2: ICEDEG 2017 in Quito, Ecuador

20. April 2017: Day 2

The second day began with an introduction by Andreas Meier, Chair of the ICEDEG. He not only described the aims of the conference, that is, to connect experts and researchers, generate excellent output, but also encouraged all the attendees to visit the many beautiful sites of Quito.

“Big Data Integration for eGovernment” Keynote by Philippe Cudré-Mauroux (University of Fribourg & eXascale Infolab, CH)

Philippe Cudré-Mauroux

Big data can generate significant financial value across sectors. From eXascale Infolab, Philippe looks at the Big Data deluge and the issues associated with it. He also considers how big data can help e-government:

  • The n-Vs of Big Data: Volume, Velocity and Variety;
  • Entity-Centric Data Integration;
  • The XI Pipeline to integrate textual data;
  • Shows 2 use cases:  Armatweet and Dependency-Driven Analytics.

Session: Data/opinion Mining and Decision Support

On online and social media, such as Twitter, one of the most difficult things for  is to detect and ban people who harass others. To address these issues,  researchers have developed a strategy to help detect racist users and content in the context of the networks of the two former 2016 US Presidential Candidates (Fabricio Layedra). Another issue in governmental areas is the assessment made by the general public on their management.  Francisco Cabrera proposes a  model for the social assessment of governmental areas through intangible assets. Innovation in the public-sector refers to the development of important improvements in the public administration and services. The aim of the study presented analyses the trends and the behavioural patterns in the attacks to the data network of an institution of the public-sector (Mayra Macas).

Session: eDemocracy

A group of researchers present the SAVE system, an electronic voting system designed that has been used in 150 University elections preserving all the requirements that a secure voting system must have while being affordable and flexible enough to adapt to the different regulations (Xavier Ochoa and Enrique Pelaez). Félix Fernández-Peña, Diego León-Solís, Xavier Calle-Gómez and Pilar Urrutia-Urrutia determine how valuable social actions are for e-collaboration using an open source Facebook application named \textit{Sigma} and an statistic module called \textit{Gamma}. Rodrigo F. Castro presents a way of predicting Venezuelan election results using Twitter.

Keynote: “Social and Participatory Computing: Lessons for E-Democracy and E-Government” Joseph Konstan (University of Minnesota, USA).

Joseph Konstan

There are many lessons to be learned from collaborating, contributing, crowdsourcing, and aggregating people’s wish to provide information, work together. What is the role of social computing in e-government and e-democracy? We can see examples of its iuse in collaborative information and reviews of public infrastructure, transport or accomodation. But how can people be motivated to contribute?

  1. Ask them to. People like being them asked and people want to contribute.
  2. Appeal to their uniqueness.
  3. Set goals (as individuals or a team).
  4. Show them something interesting (disagreement is motivating).
  5. Recognize their contributions.

Social computing can help re-invigorate local communities, explore difficult public policy decisions and broaden narrow experiences. But when aggregating micro-contributions, it is necessary to combine data to increase confidence (e.g. statistics, personalisation, iterative review), to consider reputation (allocate more or less?), influence (should it be limited?) and issues of bias and disenfranchisement.

Session: eGovernment

Several solutions are presented in this session. Jorge Granda Cantuña presents a multi-dicisiplinary solution for detecting forest fires in Ecuador based on a wireless sensor network. Another  solution is proposed by Abraham Matus,  an electronic invoicing solution that integrates SMEs in a tax-collection e-government-platform. Alessandro Bettacchi, on the otherhand, discusses the adoption of   cloud computing in the public sector.  Whilst there is a demand for public administrations to use cloud computing, a security framework is necessary.

Poster Session

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